How could privacy play a key role in protecting digital identities? How could we merge privacy law, policies, regulations and technologies to protect our digital identities in the context of connected devices and distributed systems? In this book, the author addresses major issues of identity protection and proposes a service-oriented layered framework to achieve interoperability of privacy and secure distributed systems. The framework is intended to distill privacy-related digital identity requirements (business interoperability) into a set of services, which in turn can be implemented on the basis of open standards (technical interoperability). The adoption of the proposed framework in security projects and initiatives would decrease complexities and foster understanding and collaborations between business and technical stakeholders. This work is a step toward implementing the author's vision of delivering cyber security as a set of autonomous multi-platform hosted services that should be available upon user request and on a pay-per-use basis.
'For the modern welfare state support' for those who are out of work through no fault of their own remains a foundation stone. Now, however, under pressure form market-driven ideology focused on business performance, its composition and the way support is delivered is in a state of flux. With the avowed objective of minimizing dependence on social benefits and increasing labour market efficiency, many national policies with varying degrees of thoroughness are shifting from a bureaucratic approach to some form of contract arrangement that demands a higher level of personal responsibility from the unemployed worker. The contractualisation process is usually administered through a 'reintegration service' that may be partly or wholly privatised. This remarkable book is the first comparative in-depth study of the process of contractualisation. It offers seventeen penetrating analyses, by leading labour market and labour law authorities, of recent policy initiatives to activate employment by contract and the implications of these initiatives from both legal and a socioeconomic perspective. Among the issue explored are the following: motivation, mobility, and flexibility in the labour market; effect of contractualisation on public accountability and responsibility; effect on the individual's statutory relationship under social security; whether and to what extent the conditions on which one country successfully introduces contractualisation apply to other countries; and, the unemployed individual as 'contract partner': What conditions can he or she set? The analyses focus on experience with contracts as service deliverance in the labour markets of eight countries: Australia, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany, and Finland. Because a certain measure of experience has already been built up by governments, providers, and clients, now is the time to try and learn form good as well as bad practices in order to build coherent institutional frameworks to help the unemployed. This book is sure to bring insight and effectiveness to the work of professionals, officials, and politicians in this policy field, and will be of special practical value to labour law practitioners, academic researchers and libraries, trade unions, policymakers, and corporate counsel.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
Designed as a convenient, clearly written, and comprehensive desktop reference for executives and managers, Critical Issues in Business Conduct addresses the legal, ethical, and social issues that will dominate business in the 1990s. Based upon a research project in which 276 of America's most successful and well managed firms actively participated, the book explores topical issues arising from the relationship between business organizations and their external constituencies - consumers, government agencies, competitors, and others - as well as those which characterize relationships between businesses and their own managers, employees, directors, and shareholders. From the impact of AIDS and problems of drug and alcohol use in the workplace to financial accounting, employee rights, and sexual harassment, this unique resource provides both detailed discussion and practical guidelines for dealing with the most critical concerns of managers and executives today. The business issues selected for coverage are those that firms of all sizes must successfully address to remain competitive in the global markets of the 1990s. Separate chapters examine such topics as drug testing and treatment programs, equal employment opportunity and affirmative action, workplace safety, protecting proprietary and confidential information, marketing and advertising issues, insider trading and securities laws, and more. Special care has been taken to incorporate the most current developments, including recent Supreme Court decisions that will affect business firms' responses in the areas of punitive damages, business speech, age and sex discrimination, the environment, and a myriad of employer and employee rights and responsibilities. Some 1,000 references are included, making this the most complete one-volume resource of its kind available. In addition to executives and managers, the book will also be of significant value to corporate attorneys and board members as well as to students in management and business programs.
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